Top Muslim Inventions That Shaped The World We Live In

Muslim inventions that have shaped the modern world we live in and inventions that we take granted for in our daily life range from the first university by Fatima al-Firhi to Coffee and the Surgery by Al-Zahrawi. That was the golden era for Muslims when they were flourishing and excelling in every disciplines. 
Video: Top 5 Muslim Inventions That Changed The World.
Here in this post, I am going to list up those important advancements and inventions made by Muslims that changed our lives. 
However, it is not possible to list up all those Inventions in a single discussion, so we will pick up only 10 Muslim inventions, without which we cannot expect the modern world. 
  1. Coffee
  2. University
  3. Surgery
  4. Hospital
  5. Algebra
  6. Toothbrush
  7. Camera
  8. Map
  9. Military Marching Band
  10. Flying Machine.
    Top 10 Muslim Invention that shaped the modern world

Muslim Invention #01: Coffee

Coffee was invented by Muslims, Yemen, Muslim Invention that shaped the modern world
Coffee, A Muslim Legacy That Flourished First In Yemen.
The first in the list is the famous drink "Coffee". Barely anyone of us is left to be familiar with this drink. The first credible evidence of Coffee appeared in Yemen date back to 15th century. By the next century, it spread to other part of the world.

Muslim Invention #02: University

Imagine the world without universities. What would the world be like? This is the another important gift from Muslims which had shaped the modern world.
First University Of The World Was Invented By Muslim Lady, Fatima al-Firhi
World's First University By Fatima al-Fihri In Morocco (Pic. Courtesy: Morocco World News)

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The world first ever degree granting university was founded by non other than the Muslim lady named "Fatima al-Fihri" who also learned the Islamic jurisprudence. The library established by Fatima al-Fihri in the university, is one of the oldest library of the world. It was in the year 859. Yet, it is another proof that women in Islam have the basic right to take education and can play an important in the community building.

Muslim Invention #03: Surgery

Surgery was developed to a high degree in the Islamic world. It was possible due to an Andalusian-Arab physician and scientist Abu al-Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas Al-Zahrawi.
Surgery, Muslim Invention that shaped the modern world, Islamic Invention, 1001 Inventions
Al-Zahrawi is known as the father of Surgery.

Al-Zahrawi is also known as the father of surgery along with Shushruta of India. It was one of the important Invention which has shaped the modern world as it is used to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.

Muslim Invention #04: Hospital

The hospital was one of the most developed institutions of medieval Islam and one of the high-water marks of the Muslim civilisation.
Hospital, A Muslim Legacy That Shaped The World.

Hospitals as we know them today, with wards and teaching centers, come from 9th century Egypt,” explained Hassani. The first such medical center was the Ahmad ibn Tulun Hospital, founded in 872 in Cairo. Tulun hospital provided free care for anyone who needed it — a policy based on the Muslim tradition of caring for all who are sick. From Cairo, such hospitals spread around the Muslim world.
Many hospitals were developed during the early Islamic era. The idea of the hospital as a place for the care of sick people is taken from the early Caliphs. Compared to contemporaneous Christian institutions, which were poor and sick relief facilities offered by some monasteries, the Islamic hospital was a more elaborate institution with a wider range of functions. Islamic hospitals tended to be large, urban structures, and were largely secular institutions, many open to all. The Islamic hospital served several purposes, as a center of medical treatment, a home for patients recovering from illness or accidents, an insane asylum, and a retirement home with basic maintenance needs for the aged and infirm.

Muslim Invention #05: Algebra

The importance of algebra can't be neglected in the mathematical world. So, is one of the important muslim Invention that played an important in shaping the discipline of mathematics.
Algebra, Muslim Invention, Islamic Invention, 1001 Inventions
Mathematician Al-Khawarizmi is known as the Father Of Algebra, whose invention led to a revolution in the discipline of mathematics.

None of the great achievements of modern science would be possible without the mathematisation of science and the development of algebra.
It was only possible due to the pioneering efforts by a 9th century Muslim mathematician and astronomer Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi who offered practical answers for land distribution, rules on inheritance and distributing salaries. He is also credited for developing the concept of algorithm in mathematics which is why some have called him the "grandfather of computer science" beside known as the "father of Algebra".

Muslim Invention #06: Toothbrush

Miswak is a twig used for cleaning one’s mouth and teeth.  And it was the first Toothbrush in history. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) recommended the Arak miswak and he used this kind specifically which made it famous among Muslims. The religious value of the Miswak is overwhelmingly stressed by these extracts from the Hadiths:
"I urge you to use the Miswak”
(Sahih Bukhari)
Had I not feared for my nation, I would have commanded them to use the Miswak at every prayer”
(Sahih Bukhari)

Toothbrush, Miswak, Muslim Invention that shaped the modern world
Miswak/Siwak, developed as modern day Toothbrush.

And it is the idea of using miswak that led to the invention of modern day Toothbrush.
Islam was one of the first religions to give emphasis on bodily hygiene.

Muslim Invention #07: Camera

Muslim Invention that shaped the modern world, Camera, Optics, Islamic Invention
Ibn al-Haitham revolutionized optics, taking the subject from one being discussed philosophically to an actual science based on experiments. He rejected the Greek idea that an invisible light emitting from the eye caused sight, and instead rightly stated that vision was caused by light reflecting off an object and entering the eye.
By using a dark room with a pinhole on one side and a white sheet on the other, he provided the evidence for his theory. Light came through the hole and projected an inverted image of the objects outside the room on the sheet opposite. He called this the “qamara”. It was the world’s first camera obscura.

Muslim Invention #08: Map

As more people began to travel the world 1,000 years ago for trade, exploration and religious reasons, the demand for good maps increased. Some of the world's most precious maps were drawn then by scholars, geographers and seafarers who assembeld the geographical knowledge known to them - they carried out detailed mathematical analysis, measured and charted the Earth's features, used sophisticated astrolabes to help assess height and distance - to construct intricate maps of the world.
Map, Muslim Invention that shaped the modern world, Islamic Invention, 1001 Inventions
Andalusian cartographer Al-Idrisi produced a world map, which is regarded as the most elaborate and complete description of the world made at the time. It was in 12th century.
The map by Al-Idrisi was used extensively by travelers for several centuries.

Muslim Invention #09: Military Marching Band

The tradition started with the Ottoman better bands of the 1300s. It helped make the Ottoman army one of the most powerful in the world.
Ottoman empire, Military Marching Band Muslim Invention, Ottoman Caliphate, Islamic Invention 1001, Muslim Invention that shaped the modern world
The purpose was to frighten enemies and encourage allies through loud music. 

Muslim Invention #10: Flying Machine

In the 9th century Abbas ibn Firnas first designed a winged apparatus, roughly resembling a bird costume.
Flying Machine was invented by Muslim Invention, Muslim Invention, 1001 Inventions
In his most famous trial near Cordoba in Spain, Firnas flew upward for a few moments, before falling to the ground and partially breaking his back. His designs would undoubtedly inspire other artists to invent the first flying machine. 
Above these are the 10 most important Muslim Inventions that shaped the world we live in. Without these Muslim inventions, we even can't imagine our daily life. The organisation which appreciates these works is somewhat unfair to those Muslim Scientists who are behind these inventions.  Muslims are nowadays subjected to various types of humiliations and asked about their contributions to the scientific world, ignoring these above mentioned Muslim inventions that have shaped the modern world.

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