Why Is The Surah Al-Kahf Important And Is Recited On Friday?

Why Surah Al-Kahf Important? What Are The Benefits Of Reciting It?
Surah Al- kahf, is that beautiful surah which we are always reminded to recite on the day of Jumah by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. 
Importance of Surah al-kahaf on friday
Surah Al Kahf, is one such surah which teaches us the four beautiful stories which all revolves around one central theme - *Trials* 
  • The Trial in form of religion and belief. 
  • The Trial in form of wealth and worldly adornments. 
  • The Trial in form of knowledge. 
  • The Trial in form of Power. 
If you have not yet read surah Al-Kahf with translation and in depth then please do that, as it is a beautiful surah which  comprises of four stories, which disseminate four different lessons, which every believer should atleast recite every Friday to re-energise, revive, rekindle & revitalize! 

I am actually excited to use the opportunity to write here some lessons from this incredible incredible Surah. This Surah summarizes the jist of Islam and is among the one of earliest revelations (from the al ittaq ul awwal).
Crux of this surah is Allah will protect u from all the trails and severity. The name itself shows the symbolic nature of Protection just like the cave thawar protected our beloved Prophet while migration. 
 The exact middle of the Quran is in this surah وَلْيَتَلَطَّفْ which Means care and courtesy. Exact same meaning is in the begining of the surah and starting of the Quran which is same and similliar as Alhamdulillah means. 

I also love this because in the begining how concisely in a verse and half summarizes the fundamental of Islam. Tawheed, Risalah, and Akhirah i.e Love, fear and hope. This approach of carrot and stick ,we need in our day to day life.    
    ٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَنزَلَ عَلَىٰ عَبْدِهِ ٱلْكِتَٰبَ وَلَمْ يَجْعَل لَّهُۥ عِوَجَا
Praise be to Allah, who revealed the Book to His servant, and allowed in it no distortion.

(Quran, 18:1)   
قَيِّمًا لِّيُنذِرَ بَأْسًا شَدِيدًا مِّن لَّدُنْهُ وَيُبَشِّرَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا حَسَنًا 
Valuable and straight—to warn of severe punishment from Himself; and to deliver good news to the believers who do righteous deeds, that they will have an excellent reward 
[Quran, 18:2] 
There is symmetry also as the Surah begins and end with the same note i.e emphasis on the revelation of Quran as guidance. The begining and the end describes the theme, role and functions of our beloved Prophet. 
Surah Al-Kahaf, Friday, Recited On Friday, Importance Of Surah al-Kahaf, Benefits
In the begining ayah mentions him in highest praise as AbduAllah (please dont translate this to english as there is no english equivalent meaning of this arabic word Abd) and in the end it mentions that he is human being. 
These are the two spectrum given to our prophet ﷺ.
   قُلْ إِنَّمَآ أَنَا۠ بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ يُوحَىٰٓ إِلَىَّ أَنَّمَآ إِلَٰهُكُمْ إِلَٰهٌ وَٰحِدٌ فَمَن كَانَ يَرْجُوا۟ لِقَآءَ رَبِّهِۦ فَلْيَعْمَلْ عَمَلًا صَٰلِحًا وَلَا يُشْرِكْ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِۦٓ أَحَدًۢا
Say, “I am only a human being like you, being inspired that your god is One God. Whoever hopes to meet his Lord, let him work righteousness, and never associate anyone with the service of his Lord.”
[Quran, 18:110] 
Importance Of Surah al-Kahaf, Benefits, Virtues
One thing I personally love in this Surah is story of people of the cave. They were sincere young men and Allah help them out. They were not prophets but common young people. 
And nowadays we as young are so distant from the relationship of Allah. Among the constant theme is praising Allah. Group of young men in cave, one from the man of 2 garden, prophet khidr, and Dhul qarnain praises Allah constantly. So do Adhkaar and Zikr while travelling.
In the starting of the Surah it is mentioned Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was so much worried and had genuine concern about his people. Also among the constant theme is that we are reminded of being careful of speaking without knowledge. Ayah 4 and 5 mentions:   
No knowledge have they of such a thing, nor had their fathers. It is a grievous thing that issues from their mouths as a saying what they say is nothing but falsehood.
  In the story of people of cave it is mentioned that people are throwing stone in darkness ( رَجْمًا بِالْغَيْبِ guessing doubtfully - Aayah 22) as people were guess estimating that the no. of people in cave are 4,5 and 6, they were not focussing on the lesson i.e the ONE who can make people awake after sleep of about 300yrs then why not HE almighty resurrect the dead ones. Theres a pseudo knowledge is on the rise also. Live mentor student relationship is necessary as shown in the case of Musa عليه السلام and yusa عليه السلام (Aayah 60) and also between musa عليه السلام and khidr عليه السلام (Aayah- 66) 

This Surah constantly remind us of the filmsy nature of Dunya.   
The example of the life of this world, [its being] like rain from the sky, and the vegetation of the earth mingles with it and [then] it becomes dry remnants, scattered by the winds". (Aayah - 45) 
Constant mottif is the importance of Good company. All young man while awake asks for pure food(halaal) even in the cave. (Aayah- 19) Musa (عليه السلام)and young lad Yusa(عليه السلام) (Aayah - 60) . Musa (عليه السلام) khidr(عليه السلام) ( Aayah - 66). The humble man advises other man to be humble to Allah in story of 'man with 2 garden'. (Aayah- 37-40) 

Also this surah remind us not to be deluded by money and arrogance of those who are in the false sense of being in the pinnicale of civilisation and their life style. (Aayah 28)  

One of the take way from this Surah is we treat people accoding to their knowledge and not according to our knowledge. Just like example of Musa (عليه السلام) and Yusa (عليه السلام) the then young lad, Musa (عليه السلام)being tough in nature when Yusa (عليه السلام) forgets the fish. Musa (عليه السلام) overlooks.(Aayah-60-64). 
Also see the interaction of prophet musa (عليه السلام) and Khidr (عليه السلام) teach us the same. Khidr being sweet he became little bit strict to Musa.(Aayah- 70-76) It also teaches us the ettiquettes of saying In shaa Allah (Aayah- 23,24) & Ma shaa Allah (Aayah - 39) in our day to day life activities and actions.

Though best of my effort dont ever come closer to the infinite wisdom in every Aayah of this Surah. I would personally advise you to go through this Surah with translation so that you may better understand the lessons and connect one Aayah with the other.

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