Cheraman Juma Masjid - History Of The First Mosque Of India

Cheraman Juma Masjid located in Thrissur District of Kerala is the first mosque of India, the history of which dates to 1400 years back.
India's First Mosque Cheraman Juma Masjid

Historical facts.

The Cheraman Juma Masjid was built in 629 CE i.e. during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. It was built by Malik bin Dinar who was one of the companions of our Prophet ﷺ.

This mosque has also been listed among the oldest mosques of the world.

It was named after the Hindu king Cheraman Perumal upon whose instructions the mosque was built.

The story behind India's first-ever mosque.

It is documented that the Hindu Chera king of south India, Cheraman Perumal once had a dream of the splitting of the moon. This made him restless as no one could provide a satisfactory explanation of the dream not even from the astrologers called in his court.

The king was unsatisfied with all the versions of explanation until he met with some Muslim Arab traders on their way to Sri Lanka. They explained it to him that it was the miracle performed by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ known as "Shaqq Al-Qamar" (mentioned in the Surah Al-Qamar, Verses: 1-2 of the Holy Quran).

The Chera King then decided to travel to Saudi Arabia to meet the Prophet after abdicating his throne. He then accepted Islam before Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

Upon his return to India, he was accompanied by Malik bin Dinar. But the King never returned to India as he died on the way due to deterioration of his health condition. He was buried in Oman.

Before his death, the Chera king left a set of instructions for his successors to provide all the help to Malik bin Dinar for the construction of the mosques and preaching of Islam.

Then the first-ever mosque of India, Cheraman Juma Masjid named after the king was built by Malik bin Dinar under the patronage of his successor.


The history of the Cheraman Juma Masjid testimonies two facts:
  1. Islam reached the Indian subcontinent long before the timeline of the emergence of Indian Muslim rulers.
  2. Trade majorly contributed to the spread of Islam from the Arabian land.


Some argue that the Barwada Masjid in the Indian state of Gujarat was built before the Cheraman Masjid. 

They argue with the fact that this mosque has its qibla directed towards the Al-Aqsa Mosque (Baitul Muqaddas; Qibla-e-awwal) which possibly predate the establishment of the mosque in Kerala.

However, not much information about this mosque is available. Due to lack of documented history, legends have its say that it is the second mosque in India.


  1. Cheraman Juma Masjid is still existing in Kerala. Mashallah


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